Graduation rates improved from 62% to 82% and the graduation gap has narrowed. Perhaps the best news is not only that this model has positive effects, but that the Foundation says it’ll be cheaper to replicate.
Ohio High School Transformation Initiative
Program raises graduation rates
Poor districts succeed with smaller schools, rigorous classes
More students in some of Ohio’s most impoverished school districts are earning high-school diplomas under an initiative focused on smaller schools, personalized instruction and rigorous curriculum.Those involved in the five-year-old Ohio High School Transformation Initiative say the results are significant and encouraging.
Since 2002, in the 35 participating high schools in eight districts:
• High-school graduation rates have increased from 62 percent to 82 percent.
• The graduation gap between participating schools and all Ohio high schools has narrowed by 77 percent.
• Passage rates for both reading and math on the Ohio Graduation Test improved, 89 percent of the districts reported.
“We now know how to transform failing high schools,” said Chad P. Wick, president and chief executive officer of the KnowledgeWorks Foundation, a Cincinnati-based organization which focused on education reform.
“We must apply what we now know towards ensuring all kids, regardless of their race or economic backgrounds, succeed in schools that help them succeed in life. No more excuses.”
Wick met last week with Gov. Ted Strickland, who will unveil an education-reform plan early next year, to discuss the effort. While the governor’s office declined to comment on the proposal, the relatively small price tag is a big plus as the state’s budget crisis threatens to undermine Strickland’s efforts.
KnowledgeWorks and other partners, including the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, invested $100 million to develop the high-school initiative, train teachers and launch a second effort aimed at getting more high-school graduates to continue on to college.
Wick said now that the models are in place, program costs will be minimal.
The initiative has focused on smaller schools, more autonomy for school administrators and teachers, personalized instruction and flexible schedules to allow students to spend more time as needed on difficult subjects.
Columbus school officials say the small-school concept led to improved performance among students at Brookhaven High School, the only school in the Columbus district participating in the initiative.
“We’ve learned a lot and it has worked well although we have not been able to fully implement it at Brookhaven as intended,” said Jeff Warner, spokesman for the Columbus City School District.
At Brookhaven, passage among first-time takers of the reading portion of the Ohio Graduation Test was 69 percent this year, up from 37 percent in 2004. That’s the highest jump of any participating school.
The smaller learning environment, Warner said, allows for improved relationships and understanding between students and teachers and more personalized instruction.
Harold D. Brown, executive director of EdWorks, a new affiliate of KnowledgeWorks focusing on high-school improvement, said it boils down to commitment and staying the course.
“We have shown that real improvements in student achievement are possible, even in our most distressed communities,” he said.
I don’t have any of those classic Ellis Island immigrant stories in my family. We’ve been here for centuries, literally – and we were Mayflower types to start. It’s interesting to process American history in such a consistent, linear way relative to others’ jutting, surprise-filled family trees.
But, as with all things, there are negatives to that lineage. One is that the richness of languages that pervade so many American families largely bypassed my clan. No Italian grandparents muttering Old Countryisms in the kitchen, etc.
So, language acquisition/training was never my strength – partly due to little exposure, partly because I pick it up at a slower pace than most. I’m still trying, and I’m always interested in new software and new services that have the potential to introduce languages to the willing.
Transparent.com has all sorts of features for individuals, businesses and teachers. Their language suites include audio and video, while their website appears to include blogs to help learn 8 different languages. Check out a few of their common programs – the default tab is for that language’s blog:
Only American public schools are eligible. [sorry, international readers]
Identify a possible violation of the Establishment Clause of the United States Constitution in your local school system. The Establishment Clause requires that schools not favor a) one religion (e.g., Christianity) over another religion, or b) religion over no religion. Government-sponsored religious displays or activities are pretty much always unconstitutional.
Leave your description of the possible violation in the comments section of this post. If you’re not sure if it’s a violation or not, leave it anyway and we’ll chime in as needed. Possible violations may include teacher- or school-sponsored activities, displays, or other actions.
The most egregious violation [as judged by myself, Justin Bathon (at CASTLE’s brother blog, EdJurist), and Jon Becker (of Educational Insanity)] wins a yet-to-be-determined prize!
Deadline for entries is December 23, 2008.
Violations of the Establishment Clause are not to be taken lightly. We’ve got a unique setup here in the United States – though founded clearly on Judeo-Christian/Western principles, we aren’t a thuggish, iron-fisted theocracy that forces the minority to join the mission of the majority.
Some, however – and this includes the CASTLErs with this initiative – interpret the Establishment Clause as it relates to public schools to mean that the ‘freedom from’ is near absolute.
I described this particular contest as “glib, ideologically-driven tripe” – and at least one good soul in the blogosphere appreciated that. If you read the comments, you’ll see why the “Spot That Holiday Violation!” contest exhibits twice the zealotry they’re working so hard to point out.
And, to co-opt a fashionable education term, this contest facilitates that anti-Christmas zealotry.
One of the first gripes details public school religion horrors that include Christmas trees, reindeer on the walls [that "suggests that one religion's folklore is more accepted than any other"] and – brace yourselves, folks, this is the worst:
“We even have a Christmas tree in our commons area with Christmas wishes for needy families written on angels that hang on the tree for people to take and grant (Nothing for our needy families that don’t celebrate Christmas).”
It’s sad that one approaches the world in this way – that the holiday season is such an offensive encroachment on liberty as to become mean-spirited and exclusionary. I replied:
“Well done spotting the subtle suggestion that these Christian zealots want to spend December 25th beating needy pagans into a bloody pulp with their well-thumped Bibles – while passing on good tidings only to fellow believers, that is.”
That well-wishing for the needy was directed only to the Christian needy is about as plausible as “don we now our gay apparel” actually referring to a costume appropriate for the Folsom Street Fair. But this is the reality of how progressive educators and their torch-bearers view the intersection of religion, Western culture and our schools.
Not a terribly constructive tone, I’ll admit, but at the time I posted that comment, I didn’t think anyone would take the initiative seriously.
Here’s another protest from a teacher forced to endure a faculty talent show at which performers sang some Christmas-themed songs:
“Yesterday, our faculty was forced to sit through a 2-hour luncheon, during which our administration hosted an open-mic talent session. 7 different faculty members sang religious Christmas songs (and not all of them very well.) During the singing, the cafeteria frequently broke out with “Amens” and “Tell it brother/sister.” It was really painful;; I felt like I was at church. My snarky colleagues and I joked about volunteering to sing the Dradle song.”
How she managed to survive is beyond me. I replied to “ms”:
“The setting she describes is an open event – presumably any show of ‘talent’ would have been acceptable. The free responses were not coerced and were of the audience’s own volition.
ms jokes that she could have given a rendition of “I Have a Little Dreidel” – a song which I learned as a child in my rural, public school, and a song which I otherwise would not have encountered. She could have performed it but she chose not to. Instead, she joked with colleagues and then, as we can see above, posted about it on the CASTLE blog. That she was held against her will without any chance to opt out could have been challenged – and likely upheld.
There are egregious examples of political and religious coercion that exist in public schools. We’ve got urban legends, trusted testimonials and, in some cases, video evidence. No one denies that.
But the examples cited above – including CASTLE’s bizarre, intellectually/socially misguided mission here – fail to recognize the difference between the indoctrination of values and common cultural literacy.
It would be ridiculous to suggest that spending time on songs of the American Civil Rights movement and its social protest is a violation of the Establishment Clause even when those songs are heavily religious [and Christian, no less!]. Take, for example, “We Shall Overcome,” a staple of that era. Our jurists here fail to protest that such demonstrations of our culture are really religious evangelism. In that example they recognize a difference between culture and indoctrination – and they’ve reached the proper conclusion. Even so, there’s no reason to pretend that their selective discrimination is not based on their political and social preferences.
They are, in a phrase, intellectually dishonest. If they were truly committed to tying these commonplace celebrations of Christmas to that list of Establishment Clause violations, they’d plop Joel Osteen and Rosa Parks in the same category.
Mr. Anderson and the CASTLErs – as well as future commenters, surely – seem to suggest that celebrating, or even recognizing, these cultural elements constitutes a rejection of all others. This simply isn’t true. That suggestion isn’t any more valid than if one attempted to make the case that our celebration of American Independence Day every July 4th carried with it a contemptuous attitude toward countries with different histories or forms of government.
There’s a reason that most calendars include the Commonwealth countries’ Boxing Day, and it isn’t because we’re filled with hate toward celebrations that aren’t our own.”
That’s the beauty of holiday celebrations – and all celebrations, really. Talk show host and religious scholar Dennis Prager likens it to a goodwill celebration of another’s birthday. It isn’t our own day, we really have no stake in it. We celebrate with him, nonetheless, because we share that joy. It’s common decency, it’s common culture. Anyone who has spent a significant amount of time in another country [or even in a different part of the United States] has likely had great fun – and increased their appreciation of that culture – by sharing in celebrations that weren’t their own.
One issue was troubling to a CASTLE judge – “messiah” being the ‘word of the day’ in a school district:
“A public school here has a word of the day, which is a definition of a particular, pre-chosen word. Well, a couple weeks ago the word was “Messiah.” The definition for Messiah was something to the effect of “in the Christian tradition, Jesus Christ, who is their savior and redeemer. Who came to Earth and was born in a manger and Christmas, and died to save the world’s sins.” No mention of other messiahs, no mention of other religions. It was a pretty clear intentional crossing of the line in this otherwise innocuous word of the day. My question was, Messiah is fine with me to define, but why not just use an actual dictionary definition instead of making one up that turned into a definition of why you should worship Jesus Christ? Anyway, I know that is not going to qualify as the “most egregious,” but nevertheless I thought it was a cute violation.”
On Twitter and other media, I’ve been candid about the CASTLE attitude toward Establishment Clause violations screaming of ignorance. I said, in a tongue-in-cheek Tweet, that “3 JDs < 1 BA” with an implied reference to our three judges. Here was my response to Mr. Bathon regarding “messiah”:
I didn’t touch on his use of messiah vs. Messiah, but I should have.
These, folks, are the education leaders’n'lawyers who are determining what you can and can’t do in public schools. Unfortunately, they know precious little about religion, Western culture and tradition. In a response to my comment, Mr. Bathon continues:
“Let’s get some more … this is fun (and educational for me too).”
It isn’t fun for me.
It’s depressing to see such deliberate misinterpretation and misapplication of Constitutional principles with regard to public schools. It’s even worse to see it injected into one of the happier times of the year – especially for kids. It’s zealotry mixed with fearmongering, and at the foundation is a profound ignorance of Western culture.
A commenter suggested in a not-so-subtle way that this was a personal issue for me. It isn’t. One of the few things my local school does right, assuming it hasn’t changed much, is the holidays – that’s why I’ve got a neat dreidel story.
I’d like every kid to share in the joy of the holiday season even if the celebrations aren’t his own. It’s far healthier than a deranged protest that one be entitled to a freedom from all things that aren’t dear to him.
One approach is selfish, arrogant, and narcissistic. The other rests on tolerance, shared joy, diversity and community. You decide which is better.
So, in that way, I suppose it is a personal issue for me. Healthy kids and healthy, diverse communities that recognize and share one another’s traditions are the communities we need.
And though I consider threats to that climate largely irrelevant, I do consider them dangerous.
UPDATE at 3.26pm, 12.22.08:
An astute commenter suggested privately that the CASTLErs heed Matthew 7:3:
“”Why do you see the speck in your brother’s eye but fail to notice the beam in your own eye?”
A good, applicable question.
UPDATE at 4.17pm, 12.22.08:
Dr. Becker has given me some heat on Twitter because of my following tweet:
@[name removed] also, i’ll be damned if i’m going to let some dolt who has to look up the word “messiah” profess to me on “ceremonial deism”
Yes, Dr. Bathon, I called you a dolt because you had the gall to dictate what does and does not pass for overt religious displays when you showed ignorance of Christianity and Western tradition – and then giggled like a schoolboy at the fun of the debate.
It’s official – Chicago’s Arne Duncan will be the new Secretary of Education.
The Twittersphere is abuzz as are the blogs. There’s no shortage of Duncan-related link dumps. You can get started on your own personal Duncan Familiarity Web Research Project over at Mr. Russo’s This Week in Education. Oil your scroll wheels, kids – there’s a lot to see.
I’ve pulled two clips that represent the two camps pow-wowing on Twitter.
First, the “progressives,” who feel betrayed and saddened that a charter stooge like Duncan will run the DoE in President-Elect Obama’s Land of Hopenchange:
I see four little scamps in the video – I’ve named them Constructiraptor, CharterRage, Unionmartyr and Dewey. I’d be remiss if I didn’t honor ed school ideology properly with a little Dewey-worship.
Actually, strike that – our fuzzy little Dewey’s had a name change. He’s now Hornswaggle.
And boy, are they panicking. I assume that piece of food is a piece of medium-rare public teat.
Look at’em fight!
But the progressives aren’t alone. There’s horror on the other side, too. Ms. Malkin, a favorite of mine, has missed the mark badly. Following E.M.’s lead, she’s popped three Alka-Seltzers in her mouth – Bill Ayers, Everyday Math and the Annenberg Challenge – taken a gulp of blog-soda and shaken her head vigorously. Here’s the resulting Duncan-drool from Malkin and E.M..
I’m as sympathetic to those arguments as anyone, especially on the Conservative side. I don’t, however, conflate three problems into criticizing Duncan’s appointment – Malkin et al. have made a mistake.
These scream queens sum up the Conservative reaction:
“We must have hit a nerve,” sayeth one of those Tampa-area bloggers. I believe that blogger is right.
I also believe that it won’t be long before Ms. Faliero et al. try to silence Tampa education bloggers officially, or at least try to intimidate them into submission.
I might be wrong. I hope I’m wrong.
I wrote a lengthy guest piece for the UMiami Education Students blog about Hillsborough County Schools and blogging. You can read about Jennifer Faliero foaming at the mouth about misinformation and lies on blogs – and read her call for the St. Pete Times to literally employ someone to monitor blog comments “round-the-clock.”
Oh, and she wants to “force” commenters to register in a verifiable way – and one has to assume Faliero would want that information accessible to HCPS. Good Lord, it’s almost as if she’s a union boss.
Faliero puts a panicked, high-pitched, uptalk “eeee!” in the phrase “Free press.”
“A [growing] segment of the Hillsborough public doesn’t trust the district. That takes time to erase. But in the meantime, trust can be built by using these channels of communication rather than complaining about them.”